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   2002| May-August  | Volume 9 | Issue 2  
    Online since July 30, 2012

 
 
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BRIEF REPORTS
Hospital generated waste: A plan for its proper management
Salih H.M. Aljabre
May-August 2002, 9(2):61-65
PMID:23008674
Hospitals are important sites for the generation of hazardous waste. Each hospital has its own profile for the generation and transportion of waste according to its location. It is extremely important to manage hospital generated waste properly in order to avoid health and environmental risks. This article reports the plan designed and used by the hospital waste management committee in King Fahad Hospital of the University , Alhkobar, Saudi Arabia, for the safe management of hospital generated waste starting from the collection areas to the final disposal procedure. The plan was in four stages: background information, identification of problems, intervention and monitoring. The possible solutions for problems encountered are suggested. This plan which was efficient and cost effective can be used in other medical establishments.
  2,742 216 -
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
A study of group a streptococcal bacteria isolation from children less than 12 years with acute tonsillitis, pharyngitis and healthy primary school children
Abdulwahab M.A. Telmesani, Hani O Ghazi
May-August 2002, 9(2):23-26
PMID:23008668
Aim : This study was carried out to assess the prevalence of Group A Streptococcal (GAS) bacteria in the throat specimens of children with tonsillitis and pharyngitis compared to healthy children of the same age group. Methodology : The study was a prospective one. Throat swabs were obtained from 73 children aged 1-12 years diagnosed with acute tonsillitis and pharyngitis (sore throat and pyrexia >38.5 o C) visiting a pediatric outpatient clinic between December, 1999 and April, 2000. In the same period throat swabs were obtained from 465 healthy primary school children aged 6-12 years. GAS from patients was tested for sentivity to penicillin, erythromycin, and cefaclor. Results : In children with tonsillitis and pharyngitis GAS was found in 29 out of 73 (40%) . In healthy school children GAS was found in 15 out of 465 (3%).In the patients group GAS was sensitive to penicillin in 14(48%), erythromycin in 27(93%), and cefaclor in 28(96%) Conclusion : Although the prevalence of GAS among healthy children was similar to international studies, the GAS infection was high among children with acute tonsillitis and pharyngitis. Sensitivity to penicillin was less than 50% and more than 90% for erythromycin and cefaclor. We recommend routine throat swab for children with acute tonsillitis and pharyngitis and the proper treatment of GAS positive patients to prevent further complications.
  2,645 205 -
Evaluation of continuing medical education in Al-Qasim, Saudi Arabia
Omer A Al-Yahia, Mohamed M.K. Khalil, Mohamed I Omer, Yasser S Al-Ghamdi
May-August 2002, 9(2):49-54
PMID:23008672
Objective : To evaluate CME activities in Al-Qassim region in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Methods : A study using a pre-structured questionnaire was conducted in Al-Qassim, targeting physicians working in the hospitals. The survey was conducted in two phases. The first phase was conducted at the inception of the department of professional education and the second one year later. Questionnaires were given to a sample of physicians working in the hospitals. Results : Mean CME hours in the region increased from 5.5(±5.9) to 14.2(±19.7), p=0.0001. 50% said that the CME should be presented differently. There was a need for regular courses (61%), departmental and bedside activities (52%) and visiting speakers (45%). Only 47% of the physicians were using the Internet. Conclusion : There is a need to shift from credit counting to a process that can yield professional development through practical courses and departmental activities. The use of the Internet in CME activities should be encouraged.
  2,672 141 -
Clinical pattern of acne vulgaris and its associated conditions in the eastern province of kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A hospital-based clinical study
Ali M Al-Ameer, Omar M Al-Akloby
May-August 2002, 9(2):37-40
PMID:23008670
Objective: This study aims to review the clinical pattern of acne vulgaris cases referred to one hospital in the Eastern Province. Methods: Two hundred cases diagnosed in the Dermatology Department at King Fahad Hospital of the University (KFHU), Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia were studied Results: Inflammatory acne was the predominant type observed in both males and females (76% and, 79%, respectively). Seborrhea (greasy skin) was the most frequently associated condition 22 (11%) followed by dandruff 8 (4%). The difference between males and females was not statistically significant (p-value = 0.46, 0.93, respectively). In female patients, premenstrual flare was observed in 12 (9.8%), irregular period 5 (4.1%), and hirsutism 3 (2.5%).
  2,553 180 -
Dietary misconceptions among diabetic patients in Makka city, Saudi Arabia
Mohammed Al-Saeedi, Ahmed G Elzubier, Kasim M Al-Dawood, Ahmed A Bahnasi
May-August 2002, 9(2):41-47
PMID:23008671
Objectives : To assess the prevalence of some dietary misconceptions among primary health care center-registered diabetic patients in Makka City, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A sample of 1039 primary health care center- registered diabetic patients was interviewed using a structured questionnaire on diabetic diet -related misconceptions. A scoring system was used to document the frequency of misconceptions. The relationship of the misconceptions to socio-demographic and diabetes-related variables was assessed using chi-squared tests. Results : Most patients (68.7%) had a high diet misconception score. More than half of the sample had the misconception that carbohydrates were to be completely eliminated from the diet, and only dried bread and bitter foods were to be consumed. Data included the belief in the consumption of honey and dates; the omission of snacks; belief in the carcinogenicity of the sugar substitutes; and obesity as a sign of good health. The score was significantly higher among males (p<0.01), patients older than 35 years (p<0.02), and among patients whose level of education was low (p<0.01). Conclusion : It is important to note that the rate of diet-related misconceptions among diabetics in Makka city is high. The study pointed to the target fraction of diabetic patients among whom these misconceptions prevailed. There is a need for constant motivation and appropriate education at frequent intervals to encourage better knowledge of the disease so that there is compliance to treatment.
  2,433 220 -
Incidence of helicobacter pylori in dental plaque of Saudi gastritis
Abdel-Nasser M Al-Refai, Sami E Fathalla, Rambhala Nagamani, Sami Al-Momen
May-August 2002, 9(2):27-36
Background: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) was identified in dental plaque, raising the possibility of future gastritis and peptic ulceration. Objective: This trial was to study the association between presence of H. pylori in dental plaque and in the stomachs of patients with gastritis; the effect of oral hygiene and periodontal condition on the stomach. Patients and Methods: Seventy-five Saudi adult dyspeptic patients, together with 60 healthy persons as control. Two samples of dental plaque were taken from gingival crevice of deepest pocket. One sample was kept in Christensen's urea agar and incubated for H. pylori detection by rapid urease test. The second sample was kept in 5% sheep blood agar , chocolate agar and a selective medium to culture the H. pylori.Gastric urease test was done for the same patients. Results: (1) Plaque urease test results showed 89% positive patients. (2) Dental plaque Index:- Mild dental plaque accumulation in 24%, moderate in 41%, while severe accumulation was in 35% of the patients. (3) Gingival Index: Showed mild, moderate and severe gingivitis in 17%, 48% and 35% of patients, respectively. (4) Community periodontal index of treatment needs ( CPITN ) : Showed gingivitis, mild periodontitis and moderate periodontitis in 50%, 23% and 27% of patients, respectively. (5)Gastric urease results: 87% of patients were positive. (6)All cultured samples results were negative. Conclusion: The ability to detect H. pylori in dental plaque samples offers a potential for a noninvasive test for gastric infection and would lend support for oral spread of H. pylori as the princi­pal mode of transmission. However, the presence of H. pylori in dental plaque and in the stomach (in gastritis patients) could permit not only a target for therapeutic procedures but also a monitor­ing tool for the efficacy of therapy.
  2,367 180 -
BRIEF REPORTS
The future of the curriculum of allied (applied) health sciences in Saudi Arabia
Abdulaziz A Al-Mulhim, Ahmed Al-Kuwaiti
May-August 2002, 9(2):55-59
PMID:23008673
Background : Despite the dearth of allied health professionals in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), the demand for them has increased. Like any other geographic location, KSA, has its own pattern of diseases. Therefore, the curriculum of the health professionals should be appropriately designed to meet the health needs of hospitals and clinics. Objectives: To demonstrate that changes in the curriculum of Allied (Applied) Health Sciences in KSA are necessary, and how these changes should be implemented. This paper also recommends that these changes must: (1) be based on the current needs of the community, (2) satisfy the health requirements of the Saudi community as well as the realities of its health practices. The Allied Health Colleges must: (1) undertake a long-term review of the curriculum, (2) ensure that the curriculum reform is continuous, (3) target faculty development, (4) target student evaluation.
  2,333 150 -
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Attitudes of medical interns towards the practice of primary health care
Kasim M Al-Dawood, Ahmed G Elzubier
May-August 2002, 9(2):17-22
PMID:23008667
Background: Training in different specialties should prepare young physicians to assume responsibilities in primary care. Training for the acquisition of the proper attitude for health care, should be given in the course of the training in different specialties. Objective: To assess the attitudes of medical interns who have undergone rotation in the Department of Family and Community Medicine of a large university hospital, towards the provision of primary care. Methods: A cross-sectional study incorporating a structured questionnaire was carried out on a sample of 106 interns; and 20 consultants were selected as a reference group. Results: All medical interns almost unanimously endorsed continuous, coordinated, accessible and comprehensive care. In contrast, consultants less often supported the provision of such care for their own patients. Conclusions: Unless consultants change their attitudes towards the attributes of primary care, the quality of patient care as well as physician training would suffer.
  2,135 129 -
EDITORIAL
Primary health care in Saudi Arabia: Its development and future prospectives *
Yagob Y Al-Mazrou
May-August 2002, 9(2):15-16
  2,018 156 -
LETTER TO THE EDITOR
New hope for HIV/AIDS patients: The case of a Sudanese adult patient
ZA Zeidan, OA Hamed, AO Abdulmoneim, MO Abdulmoneim, HA Mohiddin, HH Abdulwahab, HB El Amin
May-August 2002, 9(2):67-68
PMID:23008675
  1,806 130 -
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