Journal of Family and Community Medicine

LEADING ARTICLE
Year
: 1998  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 45--52

Hereditary blindness: A genealogical study among Al-Gharahir, a Jordan valley tribe


Mohanna Y Haddad, Mahmoud Y El-Najjar 
 Department of Anthropology, Yarmouk University, Irbid, Jordan

Correspondence Address:
Mahmoud Y El-Najjar
Department of Anthropology, Institute of Archeology and Anthropology, Yarmouk University, Irbid
Jordan

Background: Hereditary diseases form an omnibus problem in Arab societies in general and in rural Arab societies in particular. Aim: Study of hereditary blindness and its relation to endogamous marriage among the Gharaghir tribe in the Jordan valley. Methodology: The researchers carried out a fieldwork among the Gharaghir tribe in Al-Sawalha (the northern valley region, Deir Alla, the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan) using participant observation, and intensive focussed interviews, in addition to the genealogical method. We gathered data on endogamous marriages, blindness, genealogy and the degrees of kinship between the spouses. Results and Discussion: The results show that blindness among the Gharaghir was found to be associated with endogamous marriage. Marriage among the established ancestors of the clans used to be exogamous and kinship was unilineal-patrilineal. Through the shift to endogamy (marriage between close kin) there was a shift from uniliny (patriliny) to bilineal descent. This may have increased the probability of a recessive gene transmission from both parental sides. This is evidenced by the high inbreeding coefficient of 0.0687, one of the highest recorded.


How to cite this article:
Haddad MY, El-Najjar MY. Hereditary blindness: A genealogical study among Al-Gharahir, a Jordan valley tribe.J Fam Community Med 1998;5:45-52


How to cite this URL:
Haddad MY, El-Najjar MY. Hereditary blindness: A genealogical study among Al-Gharahir, a Jordan valley tribe. J Fam Community Med [serial online] 1998 [cited 2021 May 16 ];5:45-52
Available from: https://www.jfcmonline.com/article.asp?issn=2230-8229;year=1998;volume=5;issue=2;spage=45;epage=52;aulast=Haddad;type=0