Journal of Family & Community Medicine
Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contact us Login 

Users Online: 5218 Home Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size

Year : 2016  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 38-42

Budding adult hypertensives with modifiable risk factors: "Catch them young"

1 Department of Pediatric Nephrology, Institute of Child Health and Hospital for Children, Egmore, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Genaral Medicine, Institute of Child Health and Hospital for Children, Egmore, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Department of Biostatistics, Madras Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Prabha Senguttuvan
Department of Pediatric Nephrology, Dr. Mehta's Children's Hospital, No.2, McNichols road, 3rd lane, Chetpet, Chennai - 600 031, Tamil Nadu
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2230-8229.172232

Rights and Permissions

Background: Since the data of primary hypertension (HT) in children is scanty in India, this study attempted to evaluate HT by a multidimensional investigation of the various risk factors in children and adolescents. Materials and Methods: A total of 3906 subjects were recruited, all of whom lived in Chennai, an urban area of Tamil Nadu. The children and adolescents aged from 10 to 17 years were selected by random sampling. The children/adolescents were randomized into one control and further divided into two groups. The National High Blood Pressure Education Program fourth report (2004) and anthropometric body mass index (BMI), food frequency questionnaire (PURE) were followed in the study. Results: Out of 3906 children, 2107 were girls and 1799 boys. On screening, we found 9.5% to be hypertensive with the prevalence rate of boys and girls 8% and 10.8%, respectively. Overall obesity was 2.7%, (boys 2%, girls 3.32%); hypertensives and normotensives were 8.4% and 2.1%, respectively. We found that overweight (odds ratio [OR]: 2.06 [1.40-3.01] 95% confidence interval [CI]), obese children (OR: 1.21 [2.72-6.48] 95% CI), and those with a family history of HT (OR: 1.66 [1.20-2.30] 95% CI) had increased risk of hypertension. Females were 1.39 times (OR: 1.39 [1.11-1.72] 95% CI) more at risk of getting HT. Multivariate analysis showed that obese children/adolescent were four times more likely to have HT than children with normal BMI (OR: 4.67 [3.00-7.26] 95% CI]. Conclusion: Family history of HT, obesity, and female gender are associated with a high risk of HT. The prevalence of HT was higher among obese adolescents than among slender subjects. This may be related to their sedentary lifestyle, faulty eating habits, high fat content in the diet and little physical activity.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded321    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 1    

Recommend this journal


Advertise | Sitemap | What's New | Feedback | Disclaimer
Journal of Family and Community Medicine | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 05th September, 2010