Journal of Family & Community Medicine
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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 17-22

Awareness of an obstetric population about environmental tobacco smoking

1 Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University; Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Women's Specialized Hospital, King Fahad Medical City, Saudi Arabia
2 Family and Community Medicine Department, Sheikh Bahmdan Chair of Evidence-Based Healthcare and Knowledge Translation, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Basic Sciences, Division of Biostatistics, College of Medicine, King Saud Ben Abdel Aziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
5 College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Ghadeer K Al-Shaikh
King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, P.O.Box: 7805
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2230-8229.128768

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Background and Objectives: The reported rate of women's smoking is typically low. However, many pregnant women are exposed to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), which could affect their own health and the health of their growing fetus. The aim of this study was to estimate the magnitude of the problem of exposure to ETS and assess the awareness of postpartum women to ETS and its possible effects. Designs and Settings: This was a cross-sectional study conducted on 1182 postpartum women at a university hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, between 1 st January and 30 th June, 2012. Materials and Methods: A structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Factors associated with the level of understanding of the possible effects of ETS exposure were analyzed. Results: The majority of the participating women knew that exposure to ETS had adverse effects on maternal and fetal health (>80%), but their knowledge of the specific effects on fetal health was limited. The level of mothers' education was found to be associated with better knowledge of effects on mother and fetal health (P < 0.01). Conclusion: This study revealed that pregnant women in our sample had limited knowledge of the specific effects of ETS on fetal health. This shortcoming in knowledge needs to be addressed by improving health.

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Journal of Family and Community Medicine | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 05th September, 2010