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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 79-82

Oral rehydration salts, zinc supplement and rota virus vaccine in the management of childhood acute diarrhea


Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Abdulwahab MA Telmesani
P.O. Box 13069, Makkah 21955
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1319-1683.71988

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Acute diarrhea remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in children. Since the introduction of oral rehydration salts (ORS) mortality has dropped to less than 50% worldwide. Low osmolarity ORS improved the outcome and reduced the hospitalization further. Zinc difficiency has been found to be associated with severe episodes of acute diarrhea. Zinc supplement in developing countries did reduce the incidence and prevalence of diarrhea. In addition, Zinc supplement significantly reduced the severity of diarrhea and duration of the episode. In the Americas and Europe, Rota virus vaccine was 90% effective in preventing severe episodes of severe rotavirus gastroenteritis. This review concludes that low osmolarilty ORS, zinc supplementation and rotavirus vaccine are major factors in reducing the morbidity, mortality and hospitalization resulting from to acute gastroenteritis in childhood.


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Journal of Family and Community Medicine | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 05th September, 2010