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Year : 2005  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 79-84

A review of predonation blood donor deferrals in a university hospital

College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Layla A.M. Bashawri
Consultant Haemopathologist, King Fahd Hospital of the University, P.O. Box 2208, Al-Khobar 31952
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 23012080

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Objectives: To study the main causes of predonation deferral of potentially healthy prospective blood donors in a University Hospital Blood Bank unit, and to make recommendations accordingly. Methods: A retrospective review of the main causes of predonation deferral of blood donors in King Fahd Hospital of the University (KFHU) Al-Khobar, was carried out. Records of all predonation deferrals from 1 st January 1996 to 31 st December 2003 were reviewed and analyzed. Results: A total of 33,900 potential blood donors came to donate blood during the study period. A total of 6508 donors (19.2%) were deferred for various reasons. Analysis of the causes of deferral showed the following as the most common reasons in rank order: (1) recent ingestion or taking of counter-indicative medications; (2) low hematocrit level; (3) underweight; (4) abnormally high pulse rate; (5) low blood pressure; (6) temperature above 37.5 [0] C; (7) High blood pressure; (8) presenting for donation too soon i.e. less than 8 weeks after the previous one; (9) age below or above the accepted limit; (10) a previous serological positive result; (11) general appearance; (12) abnormally low pulse rate. Conclusion and Recommendations: It is important to provide donors with a clear message on their deferral status. Increased public education about blood donation and the common causes of donor deferral may lower deferral rates and prevent a negative impact on the donor himself as well as on subsequent blood donations. Public education is needed also to help recruit as many volunteer donors as possible.

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Journal of Family and Community Medicine | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 05th September, 2010