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Year : 1999  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 37-42

Predictive factors and incidence of complications in apparently healthy full term infants of diabetic mothers

1 Department of Paediatrics, College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Family & Community Medicine, College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Hakam A Yaseen
King Fahd Hospital of the University, P.O. Box 40227, Al-Khobar 31952
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 23008602

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Aim: To determine the incidence of different complications of the apparently healthy full-term infants of diabetic mothers (IDMs) and whether these complications could be predicted early. Methods: A prospective study was performed in the Nursery Unit of King Fahd Hospital of the University in Al-Khobar over an 18-month period. Eligible neonates were those full-term IDMs who were asymptomatic at birth, with birth weight ≥ 2000 g and whose mothers had gestational or pregestational diabetes. AUDMs were routinely observed for at least 2 days. A complete blood count, glucose, bilirubin and calcium serum levels were monitored. The morbidity study group included all IDMs who experienced complications requiring treatment or observation for > 48 hours. Results: One hundred and eighty eight infants with a birth-weight of 3411 ΁ 616 g and with gestational age of 38.5 ΁ 1.2 weeks were enrolled in the study. Asymptomatic hypoglycemia (31%) was mostly mild and transient. The rate of other complications such as hypocalcemia (4%), polycythemia (13%), hyperbilirubinemia (18%), intrauterine growth retardation (2%) with 30% rate for large gestational age. Using a logistic regression model; maternal insulin therapy, poor diabetic control, birth asphyxia, early neonatal hypoglycemia and polycythemia were found to be highly predictive of morbidity with an odd ratio of 2.41, 2.91, 9.65, 3.88 and 3.74 respectively. Conclusion: Complications of apparently healthy IDMs appear to be very mild and transient. These were found to be strongly associated with specific perinatal events.

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Journal of Family and Community Medicine | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 05th September, 2010