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Year : 1996  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 29-34

Analysis of 303 road traffic accident victims seen dead on arrival at emergency room - Assir central hospital

1 Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Abha Branch, Saudi Arabia
2 Emergency Room, Asir Central Hospital, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Abdul N Batouk
P.O. Box 641, College of Medicine, Abha
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Background: Although Rood Traffic Accident (RTA) is a noticeable common cause of death in Saudi Arabia, there is no published data showing the relative frequency of this disease as a cause of death. Aim of the study: This study attempted to find out the relative frequency of RTA as a cause of death. Also, to identify age groups at risk as well as make some inferences from the different types of injuries seen. Methodology : In a period of over a four and half years, 574 patients were seen dead on arrival at the Emergency Department of Assir Central Hospital, Abha, Saudi Arabia. Of these, 303 (52.8%) were victims of RTA. Results : The 303 victims revealed a male to female ratio of 14:1, Saudi nationals of 69% and age range of 3 months - 85 years (mean = 34.25 years). The peak age group was between 21 and 49 years and the peak period of presentation at the Emergency Department was between 12:00 noon and 18:00 hours. The month of ten in Hegira Calendar represented the peak period; a significant (P<0-05) seasonal variations was also seen, summer being the highest. Clinical assessment of the victims revealed that head and neck injuries were the commonest followed by chest injuries. Conclusion: RTA is the primary cause of death among dead on arrival cases affecting the most active and productive age group. The study recommended the implementation of pre -hospital emergency medical system.

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Journal of Family and Community Medicine | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 05th September, 2010