Journal of Family & Community Medicine
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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1-7

Healthy nutrition for a healthy child: A review on infant feeding in India

1 Department of Community Medicine, Chettinad Hospital and Research Institute, Chettinad Academy of Research and Education, Ammapettai, Kancheepuram, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth (SBV)- Deemed to be University, Ammapettai, Kancheepuram, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Fasna Liaquathali
13/168, Kasimvayal, Gudalur, The Nilgiris - 643 212, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfcm.JFCM_5_19

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Appropriate infant feeding is crucial for the improvement of child survival worldwide. This review aimed to explore the recommended practices, advantages of breastfeeding, and age-appropriate complementary feeding practices. Colostrum, which serves as the first immunization for the newborn, is largely ignored owing to the various myths surrounding it in developing countries. The World Health Organization recommends an early initiation of breastfeeding within one hour of birth and exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months to combat killer diseases such as diarrheal diseases, pneumonia, and obesity. On the other hand, complementary feeding is recommended with increase in the diversity, quantity, consistency and frequency as the child gets older along with continued breastfeeding for 12 months. Inappropriate complementary feeding is one of the major causes of malnutrition in children under the age of 5 years. Hence, appropriate guidance should be given to caregivers and health-care workers to help them promote the healthy growth of infants and young children.

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Journal of Family and Community Medicine | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 05th September, 2010