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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2003  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 25-29

Hearing impairment and hypertension among long distance bus drivers


Dr.PH, College of Medicine & Medical Sciences, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Ismail Abdelmoneim
P.O. Box 11698, Abha 61321
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 23012034

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Objectives: To investigate the prevalence of possible hearing impairment and hypertension in long distance bus drivers compared to the city bus drivers in Abha city. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study involving 62 long distance bus drivers and 46 city bus drivers from October 2001 to March 2002. A specially-designed questionnaire was administered to the drivers to explore some of their socioeconomic backgrounds. A pure tone air conduction audiometry and blood pressure measurements were performed. Results: Long distance bus drivers' workload is significantly higher than that of city drivers (total weekly hours 64.0 + 14.3 compared to 46.7 + 5.5). Hearing impairment was significantly more among long distance drivers in the frequencies of 250, 500, 1000 and 2000 Hz especially in the left ear even after age corrections. The prevalence of mild hearing loss and hypertension were also higher among the long distance drivers (19.4% vs 4.5% and 38.7% vs 13% respectively). Conclusion and recommendations: This study showed more hearing affection and a higher prevalence of hypertension among long distance bus drivers than their counterparts operating in the city. Their hearing acuity should be tested before they start work and regularly afterwards. The stresses and strains of the job should be further studied and relieved; and regular health checks including blood pressure monitoring are to be instituted.


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Journal of Family and Community Medicine | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 05th September, 2010